Round states that “Robert the Despencer” was the brother of “Urse de Abetot” who succeeded the former in his lands in Lincolnshire. Round states that “Robert the Despencer” was the brother of “Urse de Abetot” who succeeded the former in his lands in Lincolnshire, but does not cite the primary source which confirms the family relationship [5]. William I King of England notified “Urse de Abetot” and the bishop of Worcester of his donation of “Leng” to the church of Evesham by undated charter [7]. Ellis says that “Athelisa the viscountess” witnessed the charter of Urse de Abitot to Malvern priory, but does not cite the primary source in question [14]. The banishment must be dated to [ ], as Henry I King of England granted “totam terram Rogeri de Wygrecestra”, in and around the town of Worcester, to “Waltero de Bello Campo” by charter dated to [ , after 15 Aug] [18]. Round states that the wife of Walter de Beauchamp was the daughter of Urse de Abitot but he does not cite the corresponding primary source which confirms that this is correct [19]. However, Ellis cites none of the corresponding primary sources. The relevant charters are set out in the Beauchamp cartulary: The latest date of her marriage is assessed from the dating of the first of these charters. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.

Researching Historic Buildings in the British Isles

Charters Charters were documents recording grants, usually of land, but sometimes of other property or rights. They were thus the medieval equivalent of what we now call deeds. Records of royal charters – the most famous of which is, of course, Magna Carta – are mostly to be found among the chancery rolls at the Public Record Office. This section deals with charters issued by private individuals.

Private charters are potentially an excellent source of contemporary information about medieval genealogy. Family relationships are frequently mentioned.

Le Quesnoy is a commune and small town in the east of the Nord department of northern France, accordingly its historic province is French had a keynote industry in shoemaking before the late s, followed by a chemical factory and dairy, giving way to its weekly market, tourism, local commuting to elsewhere such as Valenciennes and local shops.

Deeds, or charters, dealing with property rights, provide a continuous documentation which can be used by historians to study the evolution of social, economic and political changes. This study is concerned with charters written in Latin dating from the tenth through early fourteenth centuries in England. Of these, at least one million were left undated, largely due to administrative changes introduced by William the Conqueror in Correctly dating such charters is of vital importance in the study of English medieval history.

This paper is concerned with computer-automated statistical methods for dating such document collections, with the goal of reducing the considerable efforts required to date them manually and of improving the accuracy of assigned dates. Proposed methods are based on such data as the variation over time of word and phrase usage, and on measures of distance between documents.

Our object in this paper is to contribute toward the development of statistical procedures for computerized calendaring i. The documents in question date from the tenth through early fourteenth centuries and are written in Latin, the administrative language of their time. A peculiarity of that era is that most of the charters that were issued do not bear a date or other chronological marker. A more complete background to these circumstances is provided in Section 2. For some examples, see Section 2.

A key aim of the DEEDS project was to produce a reliable data base from which methods for dating the undated charters could be devised.

Dating medieval English charters

Chronology and dating As most genealogists know, dating conventions in English documents can cause problems even as late as the 18th century. These problems can become quite complicated in medieval documents. For example, medieval charters are commonly dated by specifying the week day, a nearby religious feast day, and the year of the monarch’s reign – a convention which clearly has little in common with the modern system of day, month and calendar year.

Robertsbridge, East Sussex 6 miles north of Battle. This historic village was originally founded by Cistercian monks in the 12th century. There are many timber-framed buldings in the village.

Export citation References Berry, M. On the resemblance and containment of documents. Temporal language models for the disclosure of historical text. Conditions for optimality of the Bayes classifier. Association for Computing Machinery, New York. In Smoothing and Regression: Approaches, Computation, and Application M. Statistical significance of the Netflix challenge. MR Digital Object Identifier: Distance measures and smoothing methodology for imputing features of documents.

Using statistical smoothing to date medieval manuscripts.

CUL – Main Content

A Reader, interest in the Crusades ha A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly.

The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.

Heralds’ visitations. At first sight, the heralds’ visitations are an ideal source of information for the medieval genealogist. The visitations produced a collection of pedigrees of families with the right to bear arms, recorded between the early 16th and the late 17th .

Heralds’ visitations and the College of Arms Heralds’ visitations At first sight, the heralds’ visitations are an ideal source of information for the medieval genealogist. The visitations produced a collection of pedigrees of families with the right to bear arms, recorded between the early 16th and the late 17th century, but in many cases extending much further back. Though they are indeed a valuable source, they must be used with great care, and confirmed from contemporary records wherever possible.

From the early 16th century to the late 17th century the heralds carried out visitations, county by county, in order to regulate the use of arms. Most counties were visited several times during this period. Those who were allowed arms had them recorded, including the quarterings to which they were entitled. Most importantly to the genealogist, supporting pedigrees were recorded. These could include, in addition to the main line of descent, offshoots giving the ancestry of wives who were heraldic heirs, in order to illustrate the route by which the quartered arms had been acquired.

In these pedigrees, dates are given only occasionally, and presumably reflect the dates of documents which mention the people concerned. Often the ages of those in the final generation are given, which can allow the chronology of the later part of the pedigree to be estimated. Sometimes the heralds also recorded some of the evidence on which the pedigree was based, such as transcripts of medieval charters, drawings of seals, coats of arms copied from churches or private houses and so on.

Le Quesnoy

So far there are over such links. Thorough and useful site, easy to navigate but lacking information on the Eastern Mediterranean. They shape with its nearly five hundred years of history, numerous cultural landscapes and form the nucleus of many European cities. In comparison with other Roman frontier sections the collection of fortifications has been well preserved in Austria, and there still exit a large number of towering ramparts of paramount importance that need significantly more research, which this projects hopes to initiate.

The “Revised Medieval Latin Word List” by R.E. Latham is an excellent reference work for students of British and Irish medieval history. Latin was the lingua franca of the medieval period, used in government, by the church, by scholars and chroniclers alike, with the result that the majority of our sources are written in the language.

Survival and authenticity[ edit ] The oldest surviving Anglo-Saxon charter, issued by King Hlothhere of Kent in Copy of a charter of King Edgar preserved in a mid th-century cartulary from Wilton Abbey The Anglo-Saxon charter can take many forms: Land charters can further be subdivided into royal charters, or diplomas, and private charters donations by figures other than the king. Over a thousand Anglo-Saxon charters are extant today, as a result of being maintained in the archives of religious houses.

These preserved their charters so as to record their right to land. The oldest extant original charter, now in Canterbury Cathedral archive, was issued in by King Hlothhere of Kent granting land to the Reculver Abbey. Overall, some two hundred charters exist in the original form, whilst others are post- Conquest copies, that were often made by the compilers of cartularies collections of title-deeds or by early modern antiquaries.

The earliest cartularies containing copies of Anglo-Saxon charters come from Worcester, early th-century Liber Wigorniensis and Hemming’s Cartulary of a century later; a much later example, Wilton Cartulary, compiled in the mid th century at Wilton Abbey , still includes a significant amount of Anglo-Saxon material. The primary motivation for forging charters was to provide evidence of rights to land. Often forging was focussed on providing written evidence for the holdings recorded as belonging to a religious house in the Domesday Book.

It is important when studying charters to establish their authenticity. The study of charters to determine authenticity gave rise to diplomatics — the science of ancient documents. Anglo-Saxon charters are catalogued in Peter Sawyer ‘s ‘Annotated List’, [6] and are usually referred to by their Sawyer number e. Diplomas[ edit ] The largest number of surviving charters are diplomas, or royal charters, that granted privileges and rights, usually over land.

Mints and Money in Medieval England

Yet it must not be supposed that he is in any way responsible for the errors and misjudgments which may lurk in the following pages—they are my own. Notwithstanding the originality of my mistakes, I must acknowledge the debts I owe: Harvard Law School Most of the documents in this exhibition are technically described as charters Our word charter is derived from Latin charta, which means simply a piece of reed-paper papyrus.

In northern Europe, where reed-paper was rare and parchment the normal medium for recording important writings see Case II , the word charter came to mean, first, any single-sheet document, and, then, certain specific types of legal documents, such as royal grants like Magna Carta or agreements between individuals, frequently those involving the conveyance of land.

A coin depicting Offa with the inscription Offa Rex Mercior[um] (Offa King of Mercia).

Near the Fauroeulx gate of the town in , Roman pottery was discovered. Under the Merovingian and Carolingian , we find no evidence of a major population centre in the vicinity. However, the historian Jacques de Guise, claims that at that time the town was founded by a brave knight named Aymond, who lived around the year This Aymond was Count of Faumars Famars and Ardennes, also by his loyalty to the king, he and all four sons tended the deep wood, where they made a fortress and a place called Carcetus,Le Quesnoy.

Furthermore, the historian Jules Duvivier would rather name an ancient Count of Hainaut: In the 9th century, the region was occupied by the Vikings who settled there along rivers. Around the year at the time of King Charles the Bald , they were blocked at Valenciennes , as the river became too narrow for their boats. Later, the land at Le Queroy became a freehold belonging to the Episcopal mass at Cambrai and by the name ofNoflus, latinized from Novem fluctibus.

This castle had a tower which together with the rest make up a fortress. The castle had a park called “Bois du Gard” in which encountered deer, fallow deer and wild game. The park extended to the southeast to Beaudignies and the edge of it is met with a mill near wetlands known as “the Pond du Gard”. Desiring to populate his new fortified town, the Count enacted in a charter granting privileges to many people: Mayor , aldermen , men of fiefs, lawyers , a hostel, a hospital and outside, a leper to accommodate lepers the disease of leprosy had been reported by the Crusaders from the East.

Baldwin and his wife were still living, according to the scrolls, in in Le Quesnoy.

Researching Historic Buildings in the British Isles

Oaths of officers and burgesses Origins and early growth In the medieval mind, Yarmouth was associated with herring, a high-protein food important to the diet of the lower classes, which featured less meat than is eaten today. The thirteenth century seal of the borough bore depictions of a ship sailing herring-inhabited waters and, on the other side, St. Nicholas, a patron saint of fishermen.

The fishery provided the reason for Yarmouth’s foundation and the principal source of its medieval economy. In Roman times there was a port and market town a little further north, at Caistor, and a small fort inland at Burgh Castle; these were later abandoned. Subsequent settlement focused on the site of Great Yarmouth itself.

As most genealogists know, dating conventions in English documents can cause problems even as late as the 18th century. These problems can become quite complicated in medieval documents.

Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue francaise. Dictionnaire de l’ancien francais: Lexique roman ou dictionnaire de la langue des troubadours. Le grand Robert de la langue francaise: Lasch, Agathe et al. Glossarium ad scriptores mediae et infimae graecitatis. D8 a Lampe, G. A Patristic Greek Lexicon.

Bibliography of Secondary Sources

The charter was firmly established as a tool of conveyance in most regions of medieval Britain and Ireland by the 10th century and was, in the post-Conquest period, used at all levels of society. While the number of surviving documents from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales is not as high as that from England, a great deal of information can be gleaned from the materials that have come down to us.

The English charter descended from the late-Roman private deed and, while some vernacular documents were produced, most were written in Latin.

untitled english nobility a – c. v updated 18 september return to index. table of contents. introduction.. abitot.. aincourt (deincourt) albini (aubigny) amundeville.

Bibliography of Secondary Sources This page was last modified on May 31st, This bibliography is intended to embrace all fields relevant to Lollard studies. It therefore includes texts and studies about the literary, historical, cultural, and religious milieu of Lollardy as well as texts specifically about the heresy itself.

This list is divided alphabetically into four roughly equal parts: The Secondary Sources are not subdivided by discipline because it has proven impossible to find categories which do anything but confuse rather than clarify the content of the sources. Some annotations are provided for help. Full copies of some out-of-copyright texts are now available for download on this list. Sizes of downloads are given in megabytes mb at the end of the entry.

These have beefn bookmarked and reviewed for completeness. Also see the list of Article Collections to which essays on this list are now linked and the Bibliography of Primary Sources. Since these bibliographies are meant to be complete listings of texts and studies relevant to Wycliffism, please let us know of any new references which should be included.

NOTE that sources appended here as. These older studies are included here for those interested in the history of the study of Wycliffism, not for the study of Wycliffism itself.

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Rijksarchief te Gent The archival inventory reads as if this collection of watermarks has been consistently compiled from the late fourteenth century by St. Instead, the collection is a later, early modern creation used a means of dating the watermarks used in earlier centuries.

untitled english nobility l – o. v updated 18 september return to index. table of contents. lacy.. la haye.. la mare.. lancaster.. langetot.. lanvalay.. laval.. lestrange.. limesey.

The Chronicle was a West Saxon production, however, and is sometimes thought to be biased in favour of Wessex; hence it may not accurately convey the extent of power achieved by Offa, a Mercian. Charters were documents which granted land to followers or to churchmen and were witnessed by the kings who had the authority to grant the land. All four lines descend from Pybba , who ruled Mercia early in the 7th century.

Offa’s line descends through Pybba’s son Eowa and then through three more generations: Osmod, Eanwulf and Offa’s father, Thingfrith. The couple had a son, Ecgfrith , and four daughters: According to a later continuation of Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica written anonymously after Bede’s death the king was “treacherously murdered at night by his own bodyguards,” though the reason why is unrecorded.

The continuation of Bede comments that Beornred “ruled for a little while, and unhappily”, and adds that “the same year, Offa, having put Beornred to flight, sought to gain the kingdom of the Mercians by bloodshed. Charters from the next two years mention other kings of Kent, including Sigered , Eanmund and Heahberht. In , Offa granted land at Rochester in his own name, with Heahberht on the witness list as king of Kent.

The Treasures of Hailes Abbey and the Stories Behind Them